0000924805falseMarch 31Q32022P3YP3YP4Y00009248052021-04-012021-12-3100009248052022-02-07xbrli:shares00009248052021-12-31iso4217:USD00009248052021-03-31iso4217:USDxbrli:shares00009248052020-12-3100009248052021-10-012021-12-3100009248052020-10-012020-12-3100009248052020-04-012020-12-3100009248052020-03-310000924805us-gaap:CommonStockMember2021-09-300000924805us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2021-09-300000924805us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2021-09-300000924805us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2021-09-300000924805us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember2021-09-3000009248052021-09-300000924805us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2021-10-012021-12-310000924805us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2021-10-012021-12-310000924805us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2021-10-012021-12-310000924805us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember2021-10-012021-12-310000924805us-gaap:CommonStockMember2021-12-310000924805us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2021-12-310000924805us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2021-12-310000924805us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2021-12-310000924805us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember2021-12-310000924805us-gaap:CommonStockMember2021-03-310000924805us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2021-03-310000924805us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2021-03-310000924805us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2021-03-310000924805us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember2021-03-310000924805us-gaap:CommonStockMember2021-04-012021-12-310000924805us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2021-04-012021-12-310000924805us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember2021-04-012021-12-310000924805us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2021-04-012021-12-310000924805us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2021-04-012021-12-310000924805us-gaap:CommonStockMember2020-09-300000924805us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2020-09-300000924805us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2020-09-300000924805us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2020-09-300000924805us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember2020-09-3000009248052020-09-300000924805us-gaap:CommonStockMember2020-10-012020-12-310000924805us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2020-10-012020-12-310000924805us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2020-10-012020-12-310000924805us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2020-10-012020-12-310000924805us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember2020-10-012020-12-310000924805us-gaap:CommonStockMember2020-12-310000924805us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2020-12-310000924805us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2020-12-310000924805us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2020-12-310000924805us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember2020-12-310000924805us-gaap:CommonStockMember2020-03-310000924805us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2020-03-310000924805us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2020-03-310000924805us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2020-03-310000924805us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember2020-03-310000924805us-gaap:CommonStockMember2020-04-012020-12-310000924805us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2020-04-012020-12-310000924805us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2020-04-012020-12-310000924805us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2020-04-012020-12-310000924805us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember2020-04-012020-12-310000924805frhc:LlcFreedomFinanceUkraineMember2021-12-31xbrli:pure0000924805frhc:LlcFreedomFinanceUkraineMember2021-07-310000924805frhc:LlcFreedomFinanceUkraineMember2021-04-012021-12-3100009248052019-04-300000924805frhc:UkrainianExchangeMember2021-12-31frhc:portfolio_segment0000924805srt:MinimumMember2021-04-012021-12-310000924805srt:MaximumMember2021-04-012021-12-310000924805frhc:SecuritiesPurchasedUnderReverseRepurchaseAgreementsMember2021-12-310000924805frhc:SecuritiesPurchasedUnderReverseRepurchaseAgreementsMember2021-03-310000924805frhc:CurrentAccountsWithBrokersMember2021-12-310000924805frhc:CurrentAccountsWithBrokersMember2021-03-310000924805frhc:CurrentAccountWithNationalBankKazakhstanMember2021-12-310000924805frhc:CurrentAccountWithNationalBankKazakhstanMember2021-03-310000924805frhc:CurrentAccountsWithCommercialBanksMember2021-12-310000924805frhc:CurrentAccountsWithCommercialBanksMember2021-03-310000924805frhc:CurrentAccountInClearingOrganizationsMember2021-12-310000924805frhc:CurrentAccountInClearingOrganizationsMember2021-03-310000924805frhc:PettyCashInBankVaultAndOnHandMember2021-12-310000924805frhc:PettyCashInBankVaultAndOnHandMember2021-03-310000924805frhc:AccountsWithStockExchangeMember2021-12-310000924805frhc:AccountsWithStockExchangeMember2021-03-310000924805frhc:CurrentAccountWithNationalSettlementDepositoryRussiaMember2021-12-310000924805frhc:CurrentAccountWithNationalSettlementDepositoryRussiaMember2021-03-310000924805frhc:CurrentAccountWithCentralBankRussiaMember2021-12-310000924805frhc:CurrentAccountWithCentralBankRussiaMember2021-03-310000924805frhc:CurrentAccountWithCentralDepositoryKazakhstanMember2021-12-310000924805frhc:CurrentAccountWithCentralDepositoryKazakhstanMember2021-03-310000924805frhc:CorporateEquityMember2021-12-310000924805frhc:USSovereignDebtMember2021-12-310000924805frhc:NonUSSovereignDebtMember2021-12-310000924805frhc:CorporateDebtMember2021-12-310000924805frhc:NonUSSovereignDebtMember2021-03-310000924805frhc:CorporateDebtMember2021-03-310000924805frhc:CorporateEquityMember2021-03-310000924805frhc:USSovereignDebtMember2021-03-310000924805frhc:BrokerageCustomersCashMember2021-12-310000924805frhc:BrokerageCustomersCashMember2021-03-310000924805frhc:DeferredDistributionPaymentsMember2021-12-310000924805frhc:DeferredDistributionPaymentsMember2021-03-310000924805frhc:ReserveWithCentralBankOfRussiaMember2021-12-310000924805frhc:ReserveWithCentralBankOfRussiaMember2021-03-310000924805frhc:GuarantyDepositsMember2021-12-310000924805frhc:GuarantyDepositsMember2021-03-310000924805frhc:ExchangeTradedNotesMember2021-12-310000924805frhc:ExchangeTradedNotesMember2021-03-310000924805frhc:EquitySecurityMember2021-12-310000924805frhc:EquitySecurityMember2021-03-31frhc:issuer0000924805frhc:KazakhstanSustainabilityFundJSCMember2021-04-012021-12-310000924805frhc:MinistryOfFinanceOfTheRepublicOfKazakhstanMember2021-04-012021-12-310000924805frhc:KazakhstanSustainabilityFundJSCMember2021-12-310000924805frhc:MinistryOfFinanceOfTheRepublicOfKazakhstanMember2021-12-310000924805frhc:PublicJointStockCompanyStPetersburgExchangeMemberfrhc:CorporateEquityMember2021-12-310000924805frhc:MinistryOfFinanceOfTheRepublicOfKazakhstanMember2020-04-012021-03-310000924805frhc:KazakhstanSustainabilityFundJSCMember2020-04-012021-03-310000924805frhc:MinistryOfFinanceOfTheRepublicOfKazakhstanMember2021-03-310000924805frhc:KazakhstanSustainabilityFundJSCMember2021-03-310000924805frhc:CorporateDebtMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member2021-12-310000924805us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberfrhc:CorporateDebtMember2021-12-310000924805frhc:CorporateDebtMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member2021-12-310000924805us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberfrhc:NonUSSovereignDebtMember2021-12-310000924805us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberfrhc:NonUSSovereignDebtMember2021-12-310000924805us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberfrhc:NonUSSovereignDebtMember2021-12-310000924805frhc:CorporateEquityMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member2021-12-310000924805us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberfrhc:CorporateEquityMember2021-12-310000924805us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberfrhc:CorporateEquityMember2021-12-310000924805frhc:ExchangeTradedNotesMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member2021-12-310000924805us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberfrhc:ExchangeTradedNotesMember2021-12-310000924805frhc:ExchangeTradedNotesMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member2021-12-310000924805frhc:USSovereignDebtMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member2021-12-310000924805us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberfrhc:USSovereignDebtMember2021-12-310000924805us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberfrhc:USSovereignDebtMember2021-12-310000924805us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member2021-12-310000924805us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member2021-12-310000924805us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member2021-12-310000924805frhc:EquitySecurityMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member2021-12-310000924805us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberfrhc:EquitySecurityMember2021-12-310000924805frhc:EquitySecurityMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member2021-12-310000924805frhc:CorporateDebtMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member2021-03-310000924805us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberfrhc:CorporateDebtMember2021-03-310000924805frhc:CorporateDebtMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member2021-03-310000924805us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberfrhc:NonUSSovereignDebtMember2021-03-310000924805us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberfrhc:NonUSSovereignDebtMember2021-03-310000924805us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberfrhc:NonUSSovereignDebtMember2021-03-310000924805frhc:CorporateEquityMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member2021-03-310000924805us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberfrhc:CorporateEquityMember2021-03-310000924805us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberfrhc:CorporateEquityMember2021-03-310000924805frhc:USSovereignDebtMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member2021-03-310000924805us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberfrhc:USSovereignDebtMember2021-03-310000924805us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberfrhc:USSovereignDebtMember2021-03-310000924805frhc:ExchangeTradedNotesMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member2021-03-310000924805us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberfrhc:ExchangeTradedNotesMember2021-03-310000924805frhc:ExchangeTradedNotesMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member2021-03-310000924805us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member2021-03-310000924805us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member2021-03-310000924805us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member2021-03-310000924805frhc:EquitySecurityMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member2021-03-310000924805us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Memberfrhc:EquitySecurityMember2021-03-310000924805frhc:EquitySecurityMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member2021-03-310000924805frhc:NonUSSovereignDebtMember2021-04-012021-12-310000924805frhc:CorporateEquityMember2021-04-012021-12-310000924805frhc:CorporateDebtMember2021-04-012021-12-310000924805frhc:CorporateEquityTwoMember2021-12-310000924805frhc:CorporateEquityTwoMember2021-03-310000924805frhc:CorporateEquityTwoMember2021-04-012021-12-310000924805frhc:TradingSecuritiesMember2021-03-310000924805us-gaap:AvailableforsaleSecuritiesMember2021-03-310000924805frhc:TradingSecuritiesMember2021-04-012021-12-310000924805us-gaap:AvailableforsaleSecuritiesMember2021-04-012021-12-310000924805frhc:TradingSecuritiesMember2021-12-310000924805us-gaap:AvailableforsaleSecuritiesMember2021-12-310000924805frhc:TradingSecuritiesMember2020-03-310000924805us-gaap:AvailableforsaleSecuritiesMember2020-03-310000924805frhc:TradingSecuritiesMember2020-04-012021-03-310000924805us-gaap:AvailableforsaleSecuritiesMember2020-04-012021-03-310000924805frhc:MarginLendingReceivablesMember2021-12-310000924805frhc:MarginLendingReceivablesMember2021-03-310000924805frhc:ReceivablesFromBrokerageClientsMember2021-12-310000924805frhc:ReceivablesFromBrokerageClientsMember2021-03-310000924805frhc:LongTermInstallmentsReceivablesMember2021-12-310000924805frhc:LongTermInstallmentsReceivablesMember2021-03-310000924805frhc:ReceivableFromPurchaseOrSaleOfSecuritiesMember2021-12-310000924805frhc:ReceivableFromPurchaseOrSaleOfSecuritiesMember2021-03-310000924805frhc:ReceivableForUnderwritingMarketMakingServicesMember2021-12-310000924805frhc:ReceivableForUnderwritingMarketMakingServicesMember2021-03-310000924805frhc:BankCommissionsReceivableMember2021-12-310000924805frhc:BankCommissionsReceivableMember2021-03-310000924805frhc:DividendsAccruedMember2021-12-310000924805frhc:DividendsAccruedMember2021-03-310000924805frhc:BondsCouponReceivableMemberfrhc:BondsCouponReceivableMember2021-12-310000924805frhc:BondsCouponReceivableMemberfrhc:BondsCouponReceivableMember2021-03-310000924805frhc:OthersReceivablesMember2021-12-310000924805frhc:OthersReceivablesMember2021-03-310000924805frhc:AllowanceForReceivablesMember2021-12-310000924805frhc:AllowanceForReceivablesMember2021-03-310000924805frhc:BankCustomerLoansMember2021-12-310000924805frhc:UncollateralizedBankCustomerLoanMember2021-12-310000924805frhc:SubordinatedLoanMember2021-12-310000924805frhc:BankCustomerLoansOneMember2021-12-310000924805frhc:SubordinatedLoanOneMember2021-12-310000924805frhc:MicrofinanceOrganizationMember2021-12-310000924805frhc:SubordinatedLoanMember2021-03-310000924805frhc:UncollateralizedNonBankLoanMember2021-03-310000924805frhc:UncollateralizedNonBankLoanOneMember2021-03-310000924805frhc:SubordinatedLoanOneMember2021-03-310000924805frhc:BankCustomerLoansMember2021-03-310000924805frhc:BankCustomerLoansOneMember2021-03-310000924805country:US2021-03-310000924805country:US2021-12-310000924805country:RU2021-12-310000924805country:RU2021-03-310000924805country:KZ2021-12-310000924805country:KG2021-12-310000924805country:KG2021-03-310000924805country:KZ2021-03-310000924805country:DE2021-03-310000924805country:DE2021-12-310000924805country:CY2021-12-310000924805country:CY2021-03-310000924805country:UA2021-03-310000924805country:UA2021-12-310000924805country:AZ2021-12-310000924805country:AZ2021-03-310000924805country:GB2021-03-310000924805country:GB2021-12-310000924805country:AM2021-03-310000924805country:AM2021-12-310000924805country:UZ2021-03-310000924805country:UZ2021-12-310000924805frhc:NonUSSovereignDebtOneMember2021-12-310000924805frhc:NonUSSovereignDebtOneMember2021-03-310000924805frhc:BrokerageCustomersMember2021-12-310000924805frhc:BrokerageCustomersMember2021-03-310000924805frhc:BankingCustomersMember2021-12-310000924805frhc:BankingCustomersMember2021-03-310000924805frhc:MarginLendingPayableMember2021-12-310000924805frhc:MarginLendingPayableMember2021-03-310000924805frhc:PayablesToSuppliersOfGoodsAndServicesMember2021-12-310000924805frhc:PayablesToSuppliersOfGoodsAndServicesMember2021-03-310000924805frhc:TradePayableForSecuritiesPurchasedMember2021-12-310000924805frhc:TradePayableForSecuritiesPurchasedMember2021-03-310000924805us-gaap:OtherCurrentLiabilitiesMember2021-12-310000924805us-gaap:OtherCurrentLiabilitiesMember2021-03-310000924805frhc:RelatedPartyMember2021-12-310000924805frhc:RelatedPartyMember2021-03-3100009248052021-01-012021-03-310000924805frhc:DebtSecuritiesDenominatedInUSDMember2021-12-310000924805frhc:DebtSecuritiesDenominatedInUSDMember2021-03-310000924805frhc:DebtSecuritiesDenominatedInRUBMember2021-12-310000924805frhc:DebtSecuritiesDenominatedInRUBMember2021-03-310000924805frhc:AccruedInterestMember2021-12-310000924805frhc:AccruedInterestMember2021-03-310000924805srt:MinimumMember2021-03-310000924805srt:MinimumMember2021-12-310000924805srt:MaximumMember2021-03-310000924805srt:MaximumMember2021-12-310000924805frhc:FreedomRUNotesMember2021-11-300000924805frhc:FRHCNotesMember2020-02-290000924805frhc:SPCNotesMember2021-10-310000924805frhc:FRHCNotesMember2021-11-220000924805frhc:FreedomKZBondsMember2021-05-29frhc:investor0000924805frhc:BrokerageAccountsMember2021-12-310000924805frhc:BrokerageAccountsMember2021-03-3100009248052021-07-012021-07-3100009248052021-05-182021-05-180000924805frhc:EmployeesAndConsultantsMember2021-05-182021-05-18frhc:individual0000924805frhc:ExecutiveOfficersMember2021-05-182021-05-180000924805us-gaap:ShareBasedCompensationAwardTrancheOneMember2021-05-182021-05-180000924805us-gaap:ShareBasedCompensationAwardTrancheTwoMember2021-05-182021-05-180000924805us-gaap:ShareBasedCompensationAwardTrancheThreeMember2021-05-182021-05-180000924805srt:MinimumMemberus-gaap:ShareBasedCompensationAwardTrancheThreeMember2021-05-182021-05-180000924805us-gaap:ShareBasedCompensationAwardTrancheThreeMembersrt:MaximumMember2021-05-182021-05-1800009248052020-12-302020-12-300000924805frhc:EmployeesMember2020-12-302020-12-300000924805us-gaap:ShareBasedCompensationAwardTrancheOneMember2020-12-302020-12-300000924805us-gaap:ShareBasedCompensationAwardTrancheTwoMember2020-12-302020-12-300000924805us-gaap:ShareBasedCompensationAwardTrancheThreeMember2020-12-302020-12-300000924805frhc:MonteCarloMember2021-04-012021-12-310000924805frhc:BlackScholesMember2021-10-012021-12-3100009248052020-04-012021-03-31


UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
xQUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended December 31, 2021
OR
oTRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 For the transition period from ________ to _________
Commission File Number 001-33034
FREEDOM HOLDING CORP.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Nevada30-0233726
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
“Esentai Tower” BC, Floor 7
77/7 Al Farabi Ave
Almaty, Kazakhstan
50040
(Address of principal executive offices)(Zip Code)
+7 727 311 10 64
(Registrant's telephone number, including area code)
Securities registered under Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
CommonFRHC
The Nasdaq Capital Market
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports) and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes x   No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes x  No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer”, “accelerated filer”, “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated fileroAccelerated filer x
Non-accelerated fileroSmaller reporting company o
Emerging growth company o
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.) Yes   No x
As of February 7, 2022, the registrant had 59,534,712 shares of common stock, par value $0.001, issued and outstanding.




FREEDOM HOLDING CORP.
FORM 10-Q
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Pages
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of December 31, 2021 and March 31, 2021
 
2

Table of Contents


FREEDOM HOLDING CORP.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS (Unaudited)
(All amounts in thousands of United States dollars, unless otherwise stated)
December 31, 2021March 31, 2021
ASSETS
Cash and cash equivalents$493,263 $698,828 
Restricted cash404,718 437,958 
Trading securities1,348,656 736,188 
Available-for-sale securities, at fair value1 1 
Brokerage and other receivables, net302,403 64,801 
Loans issued44,995 11,667 
Fixed assets, net 21,221 18,385 
Intangible assets, net 8,703 9,785 
Goodwill 7,840 7,868 
Right-of-use asset 17,830 13,262 
Other assets30,321 19,902 
TOTAL ASSETS$2,679,951 $2,018,645 
LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
Securities repurchase agreement obligations$710,284 $426,715 
Customer liabilities1,145,070 1,163,697 
Trade payables 51,031 22,304 
Current income tax liability 20,620 14,843 
Securities sold, not yet purchased – at fair value15,167 8,592 
Loans received3,497 3,373 
Debt securities issued105,363 68,443 
Lease liability17,573 13,249 
Deferred income tax liabilities1 4,385 
Deferred distribution payments 8,534 8,534 
Other liabilities11,321 8,839 
TOTAL LIABILITIES $2,088,461 $1,742,974 
Commitments and Contingent Liabilities (Note 20)  
SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
Preferred stock - $0.001 par value; 20,000,000 shares authorized, no shares issued or outstanding
$ $ 
Common stock - $0.001 par value; 500,000,000 shares authorized; 59,534,712 and 58,443,212 shares issued and outstanding as of December 31, 2021 and March 31, 2021, respectively
59 58 
Additional paid in capital115,278 104,672 
Retained earnings516,149 208,628 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss(39,152)(36,046)
TOTAL EQUITY ATTRIBUTABLE TO THE COMPANY592,334 277,312 
Non-controlling interest(844)(1,641)
TOTAL SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY591,490 275,671 
TOTAL LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY$2,679,951 $2,018,645 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements
3

Table of Contents
FREEDOM HOLDING CORP.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS AND STATEMENTS OF OTHER COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (Unaudited)
(All amounts in thousands of United States dollars, unless otherwise stated)
Three months ended December 31,Nine Months Ended
December 31,
2021202020212020
Revenue:
Fee and commission income$122,237 $74,333 $336,178 $171,949 
Net gain on trading securities403 18,944 185,554 36,330 
Interest income22,907 7,374 61,047 16,571 
Net gain/(loss) on foreign exchange operations451 (1,413)885 1,359 
Net (loss)/gain on derivative(314)995 (1,029)149 
TOTAL REVENUE, NET145,684 100,233 582,635 226,358 
Expense:
Fee and commission expense22,716 20,278 67,547 50,068 
Interest expense20,799 6,649 51,256 15,092 
Operating expense50,496 21,921 117,384 52,214 
Provision for impairment losses45 1,109 704 1,775 
Other (income)/expense, net(64)244 600 149 
TOTAL EXPENSE93,992 50,201 237,491 119,298 
NET INCOME BEFORE INCOME TAX51,692 50,032 345,144 107,060 
Income tax expense(806)(7,711)(38,037)(16,900)
NET INCOME$50,886 $42,321 $307,107 $90,160 
Less: Net (loss)/income attributable to non-controlling interest in subsidiary(343)(53)(414)243 
NET INCOME ATTRIBUTABLE TO COMMON SHAREHOLDERS $51,229 $42,374 $307,521 $89,917 
OTHER COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
Reclassification adjustment relating to available-for-sale investments disposed of in the period, net of tax effect   71 
Foreign currency translation adjustments, net of tax effect(7,336)6,851 (3,106)4,565 
COMPREHENSIVE INCOME BEFORE NON-CONTROLLING INTERESTS$43,550 $49,172 $304,001 $94,796 
Less: Comprehensive (loss)/income attributable to non-controlling interest in subsidiary(343)(53)(414)243 
COMPREHENSIVE INCOME ATTRIBUTABLE TO COMMON SHAREHOLDERS $43,893 $49,225 $304,415 $94,553 
BASIC NET INCOME PER COMMON SHARE (In US Dollars)0.85 0.72 5.18 1.54 
DILUTED NET INCOME PER COMMON SHARE (In US Dollars)0.85 0.72 5.18 1.54 
Weighted average number of shares (basic)59,534,712 58,395,606 59,326,201 58,370,521 
Weighted average number of shares (diluted)59,534,712 58,450,688 59,326,201 58,423,467 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.
4

Table of Contents
FREEDOM HOLDING CORP.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (Unaudited)
(All amounts in thousands of United States dollars, unless otherwise stated)
Nine Months Ended
December 31,
20212020
Cash Flows (Used In)/From Operating Activities
Net income$307,107 $90,160 
Adjustments to reconcile net income (used in)/from operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization4,072 2,548 
Noncash lease expense6,152 4,502 
Change in deferred taxes(4,400)2,868 
Stock compensation expense11,283 1,090 
Share based payment 517 
Unrealized (gain)/loss on trading securities3,639 (7,695)
Net change in accrued interest(23,170)(1,036)
Allowances for receivables704 1,775 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
Lease liabilities(6,559)(4,870)
Trading securities(620,709)(114,807)
Brokerage and other receivables(236,841)58,596 
Loans purchased from microfinance organization(29,020) 
Loans sold to microfinance organization6,828  
Loans issued(12,496)(1,129)
Other assets(11,649)(3,887)
Securities sold, not yet purchased – at fair value5,959 9,078 
Customer liabilities(20,404)646,950 
Current income tax liability5,757 2,107 
Trade payables29,073 10,934 
Other liabilities2,594 1,253 
Net cash flows (used in)/from operating activities(582,080)698,954 
Cash Flows (Used In)/From Investing Activities
Purchase of fixed assets(6,557)(3,072)
Proceeds from sale of fixed assets447 227 
Proceeds from sale of available-for-sale securities, at fair value 6,437 
Consideration paid for Zerich Capital Management (7,110)
Consideration paid for Prime Executions (2,500)
Consideration paid for Freedom Bank KZ (53,097)
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash received from acquisitions 157,533 
Net cash flows (used in)/from investing activities(6,110)98,418 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

5

Table of Contents
FREEDOM HOLDING CORP.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (Unaudited)
(All amounts in thousands of United States dollars, unless otherwise stated)
Cash Flows From Financing Activities
Proceeds from securities repurchase agreement obligations301,927 63,166 
Proceeds from issuance of debt securities46,850 3,554 
Repurchase of debt securities(10,104)(8,186)
Proceeds from loans received 3,300 
Exercise of options119 118 
Net cash flows from financing activities338,792 61,952 
Effect of changes in foreign exchange rates on cash and cash equivalents10,593 3,787 
NET CHANGE IN CASH, CASH EQUIVALENTS AND RESTRICTED CASH(238,805)863,111 
CASH, CASH EQUIVALENTS AND RESTRICTED CASH, BEGINNING OF PERIOD1,136,786 129,805 
CASH, CASH EQUIVALENTS AND RESTRICTED CASH, END OF PERIOD$897,981 $992,916 

For The Nine Months ended
December 31, 2021December 31, 2020
Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information:
Cash paid for interest$26,506 $11,580 
Income tax paid$46,170 $12,186 
Supplemental non-cash disclosures:
Operating lease right-of-use assets obtained/disposed of in exchange for operating lease obligations during the period, net$9,803 $2,665 
The following table provides a reconciliation of cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash reported within the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets that sum to the total of the same such amounts shown in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows:
December 31, 2021December 31, 2020
 
Cash and cash equivalents$493,263 $624,572 
Restricted cash404,718 368,344 
Total cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash shown as in the statement of cash flows$897,981 $992,916 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.
6

Table of Contents
FREEDOM HOLDING CORP.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY (Unaudited)
(All amounts in thousands of United States dollars, except share data, unless otherwise stated)
Common StockAdditional
paid
in capital
Retained
earnings
Accumulated other
comprehensive
loss
Non-controlling
interest
Total
SharesAmount
Balance At September 30, 2021
59,534,712 $59 $110,717 $464,920 $(31,816)$(501)$543,379 
Stock based compensation— — 4,561 — — — 4,561 
Translation difference— — — — (7,336)— (7,336)
Net income /(loss)— — — 51,229 — (343)50,886 
Balance At December 31, 2021
59,534,712 $59 $115,278 $516,149 $(39,152)$(844)$591,490 
Balance At March 31, 2021
58,443,212 $58 $104,672 $208,628 $(36,046)$(1,641)$275,671 
Stock based compensation 1,031,500 1 11,283 — — — 11,284 
Sale of Freedom UA shares— — (796)— — 1,211 415 
Exercise of options60,000 — 119 — — — 119 
Translation difference — — — — (3,106)— (3,106)
Net income (loss)— — — 307,521 — (414)307,107 
Balance At December 31, 2021
$59,534,712 $59 $115,278 $516,149 $(39,152)$(844)$591,490 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

7

Table of Contents
FREEDOM HOLDING CORP.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY (Unaudited)
(All amounts in thousands of United States dollars, except share data, unless otherwise stated)
Common StockAdditional
paid
in capital
Retained
earnings
Accumulated other
comprehensive
loss
Non-controlling
interest
Total
SharesAmount
Balance At September 30, 202058,358,212 $58 $103,945 $113,878 $(40,189)$(1,976)$175,716 
Stock based compensation15,000 — 35 — — — 35 
Share based payment10,000 — 517 — — — 517 
Exercise of options60,000 — 118 — — — 118 
Translation difference— — — — 6,851 — 6,851 
Net income /(loss)— — — 42,374 — (53)42,321 
Balance At December 31, 202058,443,212 $58 $104,615 $156,252 $(33,338)$(2,029)$225,558 
Balance At March 31, 202058,358,212 $58 $102,890 $66,335 $(37,974)$(2,272)$129,037 
Stock based compensation15,000 — 1,090 — — — 1,090 
Share based payment10,000 — 517 — — — 517 
Exercise of options60,000 — 118 — — — 118 
Reclassification adjustment relating to available-for-sale investments disposed of in the period, net of tax effect— — — — 71 — 71 
Translation difference— — — — 4,565 — 4,565 
Net income— — — 89,917 — 243 90,160 
Balance At December 31, 2020$58,443,212 $58 $104,615 $156,252 $(33,338)$(2,029)$225,558 




8

Table of Contents
FREEDOM HOLDING CORP.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Unaudited)
(All amounts in thousands of United States dollars, except share data, unless otherwise stated)

NOTE 1 – DESCRIPTION OF BUSINESS
Overview
Freedom Holding Corp. (the “Company” or “FRHC”) is a corporation organized in the United States under the laws of the State of Nevada that through its operating subsidiaries provides financial services including retail securities brokerage, investment research, investment advisory services, securities trading, market making, investment banking and underwriting services and complementary banking services in Eurasia. The Company is headquartered in Almaty, Kazakhstan, with supporting administrative office locations in Russia, Cyprus and the United States. The Company has retail locations in Russia, Kazakhstan, Cyprus, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, Azerbaijan, Armenia and Germany. The Company also owns an institutional broker dealer registered with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). The Company’s common stock trades on the Nasdaq Capital Market.
The Company owns directly, or through subsidiaries, the following companies:
LLC Investment Company Freedom Finance, a Moscow, Russia-based securities broker-dealer (“Freedom RU”);
LLC FFIN Bank, a Moscow, Russia-based bank (“Freedom Bank RU”);
JSC Freedom Finance, an Almaty, Kazakhstan-based securities broker-dealer (“Freedom KZ”);
Freedom Finance Global PLC, an Astana International Financial Centre-based securities broker-dealer, (“Freedom Global”);
Bank Freedom Finance Kazakhstan JSC, an Almaty, Kazakhstan-based bank (“Freedom Bank KZ”);
Freedom Finance Special Purpose Company LTD, an Astana International Financial Centre-based special purpose company (“Freedom SPC”);
Freedom Finance Commercial LLP, a Kazakhstan-based sales consulting company (“Freedom Commercial”);
Freedom Finance Europe Limited, a Limassol, Cyprus-based broker-dealer (“Freedom EU”);
Freedom Finance Technologies Ltd, a Limassol, Cyprus-based IT development company (“Freedom Technologies”);
Freedom Finance Germany GmbH, a Berlin, Germany-based tied agent of Freedom EU (“Freedom GE”);
UK Prime Limited, a London, United Kingdom-based financial intermediary company (“Prime UK”);
LLC Freedom Finance Uzbekistan, a Tashkent, Uzbekistan-based broker-dealer (“Freedom UZ”);
LLC Freedom Finance Azerbaijan, an Azerbaijan-based financial educational center (“Freedom AZ”);
LLC Freedom Finance Armenia, an Armenia-based broker-dealer (“Freedom AR”);
Prime Executions, Inc., a New York City, New York-based NYSE institutional brokerage, that recently received approval to engage in certain capital markets and investment banking activities (“PrimeEx”); and
FFIN Securities, Inc., a currently-dormant Nevada corporation (“FFIN”)

As of December 31, 2021, the Company also owned a 9% interest in LLC Freedom Finance Ukraine, a Kiev, Ukraine-based broker-dealer (“Freedom UA”). The remaining 91% interest in Freedom UA is owned by Askar Tashtitov, the Company’s president. However, as a result of a series of contractual relationships between FRHC and Freedom UA, we account for Freedom UA as a variable interest entity (“VIE”) under the accounting standards of the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”). Accordingly, the financial statements of Freedom UA are consolidated into the financial statements of the Company.

Prior to July 2021 we owned approximately 32.9% of Freedom UA, but due to recent changes to Ukrainian regulations to further restrict foreign ownership of registered Ukrainian broker-dealers, in July 2021 we were required to sell approximately 23.9% of our equity interest in Freedom UA to Mr. Tashtitov, reducing our direct ownership interest in Freedom UA to approximately 9%. In April 2019 the Company entered into a series of contractual arrangements with Freedom UA and Mr. Tashtitov that obligate the Company to guarantee the performance of all Freedom UA obligations and provide Freedom UA sufficient funding to cover all operating losses and net capital requirements, enable the Company to receive 90% of the net profits of Freedom UA after tax, and require the Company to provide Freedom UA the management competence, operational support, and ongoing access to the Company’s significant assets, necessary technology resources and expertise to conduct the business of Freedom UA.
9

Table of Contents
FREEDOM HOLDING CORP.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Unaudited)
(All amounts in thousands of United States dollars, except share data, unless otherwise stated)
The Company’s subsidiaries are professional participants on the Kazakhstan Stock Exchange (KASE), Astana Stock Exchange (AIX), Moscow Exchange (MOEX), Saint-Petersburg Exchange (SPBX), the Ukrainian Exchange (UX), the Republican Stock Exchange of Tashkent (UZSE), the Uzbek Republican Currency Exchange (UZCE) and a member of the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) and Nasdaq Stock Exchange (Nasdaq). We also own a 24.3% interest in the UX.
Unless otherwise specifically indicated or as is otherwise contextually required, FRHC, Freedom RU, Freedom Bank RU, Freedom KZ, Freedom Global, Freedom Bank KZ, Freedom SPC, Freedom Commercial, Freedom EU, Freedom Technologies, Freedom GE, Prime UK, Freedom UZ, Freedom AZ, Freedom AR, PrimeEx and FFIN are collectively referred to herein as the “Company”.
NOTE 2 – SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
Accounting principles
The Company’s accounting policies and accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements conform to accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (U.S. GAAP).
These financial statements have been prepared on the accrual basis of accounting.
Basis of presentation and principles of consolidation

The Company’s consolidated financial statements present the consolidated accounts of FRHC, Freedom RU, Freedom Bank RU, Freedom KZ, Freedom Global, Freedom Bank KZ, Freedom SPC, Freedom Commercial, Freedom EU, Freedom Technologies, Freedom GE, Prime UK, Freedom UZ, Freedom AZ, Freedom AR, PrimeEx, and FFIN. All significant inter-company balances and transactions have been eliminated from the consolidated financial statements.
Consolidation of variable interest entities
In accordance with accounting standards regarding consolidation of variable interest entities (“VIEs”), the primary beneficiary is required to consolidate the VIE for financial reporting purposes. VIEs are generally entities that lack sufficient equity to finance their activities without additional financial support from other parties or whose equity holders lack adequate decision-making ability. VIEs must be evaluated to determine the primary beneficiary of the risks and rewards of the VIE.
Use of estimates
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Management believes that the estimates utilized in preparing its financial statements are reasonable and prudent. Actual results could differ from those estimates.
Revenue recognition
Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) Topic 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (“ASC Topic 606”), establishes principles for reporting information about the nature, amount, timing and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows arising from the entity’s contracts to provide goods or services to customers. The core principle requires an entity to recognize revenue to depict the transfer of goods or services promised to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration that it expects to be entitled to receive in exchange for those goods or services recognized as performance obligations are satisfied. A significant portion of the Company’s revenue-generating transactions are not subject to ASC Topic 606, including revenue generated from financial instruments, such as loans and investment securities, as these activities are subject to other U.S. GAAP guidance discussed elsewhere within these disclosures. Descriptions of the Company’s revenue-generating activities that are within the scope of ASC Topic 606, which are presented in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Statements of Other Comprehensive Income as components of non-interest income are as follows:
10

Table of Contents
FREEDOM HOLDING CORP.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Unaudited)
(All amounts in thousands of United States dollars, except share data, unless otherwise stated)
Commissions on brokerage services;
Commissions on banking services (money transfers, foreign exchange operations and other); and
Commissions on investment banking services (underwriting, market making, and bondholders’ representation services).
Under Topic 606, the Company is required to recognize commission fees when they are probable and there is not a significant chance of reversal in the future. The Company recognizes revenue in accordance with this core principle by applying the following steps:
Step 1: Identify the contract(s) with a customer - A contract is an agreement between two or more parties that creates enforceable rights and obligations.
Step 2: Identify the performance obligations in the contract - A contract includes promises to transfer goods or services to a customer. If those goods or services are distinct, the promises are performance obligations and are accounted for separately.
Step 3: Determine the transaction price - The transaction price is the amount of consideration in a contract to which an entity expects to be entitled in exchange for transferring promised goods or services to a customer. The transaction price can be a fixed amount of customer consideration, but it may sometimes include variable consideration or consideration in a form other than cash. The transaction price also is adjusted for the effects of the time value of money if the contract includes a significant financing component and for any consideration payable to the customer. If the consideration is variable, an entity estimates the amount of consideration to which it will be entitled in exchange for the promised goods or services. The estimated amount of variable consideration will be included in the transaction price only to the extent that it is probable that a significant reversal in the amount of cumulative revenue recognized will not occur when the uncertainty associated with the variable consideration is subsequently resolved.
Step 4: Allocate the transaction price to the performance obligations in the contract - An entity typically allocates the transaction price to each performance obligation on the basis of the relative standalone selling prices of each distinct good or service promised in the contract. If a standalone selling price is not observable, an entity estimates it. Sometimes, the transaction price includes a discount or a variable amount of consideration that relates entirely to a part of the contract.
Step 5: Recognize revenue when (or as) the entity satisfies a performance obligation - An entity recognizes revenue when (or as) it satisfies a performance obligation by transferring a promised good or service to a customer (which is when the customer obtains control of that good or service). The amount of revenue recognized is the amount allocated to the satisfied performance obligation. A performance obligation may be satisfied at a point in time (typically for promises to transfer goods to a customer) or over time (typically for promises to transfer services to a customer). For performance obligations satisfied over time, an entity recognizes revenue over time by selecting an appropriate method for measuring the entity’s progress toward complete satisfaction of that performance obligation.
Interest income

Interest income on loans issued, trading securities and reverse repurchase agreement obligations are recognized based on the contractual provisions of the underlying arrangements.

Loan premiums and discounts are deferred and generally amortized into interest income as yield adjustments over the contractual life and/or commitment period using the effective interest method.

Unamortized premiums, discounts and other basis adjustments on trading securities are generally recognized in interest income over the contractual lives of the securities using the effective interest method.
11

Table of Contents
FREEDOM HOLDING CORP.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Unaudited)
(All amounts in thousands of United States dollars, except share data, unless otherwise stated)
Derivative financial instruments
In the normal course of business, the Company invests in various derivative financial contracts including futures. Derivatives are initially recognized at fair value at the date a derivative contract is entered into and are subsequently re-measured to their fair value at each reporting date. The fair values are estimated based on quoted market prices or pricing models that take into account the current market and contractual prices of the underlying instruments and other factors. Derivatives are carried as assets when their fair value is positive and as liabilities when it is negative.

Loans

The Company’s loan portfolio is divided into three portfolio segments: credit cards, mortgages and retail banking loans. Credit cards consist of loans provided to individuals and businesses through the cards. Mortgage loans consist of loans provided to individuals to purchase real estate, which is used as collateral for the loan. Retail banking loans consist of unsecured loans provided to individuals.

Loans Acquired

All purchased loans are initially recorded at fair value, which includes consideration of expected future losses, at the date of the loan acquisition. To determine the fair value of loans at the date of acquisition, the Company estimates the discounted contractual cash flows due using an observable market rate of interest, adjusted for factors such as probable default rates of the borrowers, and the loan terms that a market participant would consider in determining fair value. In determining fair value, contractual cash flows are adjusted to include prepayment estimates based upon historical payment trends, forecasted default rates and loss severities and other relevant factors. The difference between the fair value and the contractual cash flows is recorded as a loan premium or discount, which may relate to either credit or non-credit factors, at acquisition.

The Company accounts for purchased loans under the accounting guidance for purchased financial assets with credit deterioration when, at the time of purchase, the loans have experienced a more-than-insignificant deterioration in credit quality since origination.
The Company recognizes an allowance for credit losses on purchased loans that have not experienced a more-than-insignificant deterioration in credit quality since origination at the time of purchase through earnings in a manner that is consistent with originated loans. The policies relating to the allowance for credit losses on loans is described below in the “Estimate of Incurred Loan Losses” section of this Note.

Estimate of Incurred Loan Losses.

The allowance represents management’s current estimate of incurred loan losses inherent in the Company’s loan portfolio as of each balance sheet date. The provision for credit losses reflects credit losses the Company believes have been incurred and will eventually be recognized over time through charge-offs.

Management performed a quarterly analysis of the Company’s loan portfolio to determine if impairment had occurred and to assess the adequacy of the allowance based on historical and current trends as well as other factors affecting credit losses. The Company applied separate calculations of the allowances for its credit cards, mortgages and retail loan portfolios. Based on the adopted methodology, the Company estimated the probability of default based on historical default rates, adjusted for certain macro indicators, such as GDP, average exchange rates, unemployment rate and real wage index. Loss given default is calculated based on the collateral coverage of the loans. The Company’s allowance for loan losses consists of two components that are allocated to cover the estimated probable losses in each loan portfolio based on the results of the Company’s detailed review and loan impairment assessment process: (i) a component for loans collectively evaluated for impairment; and (ii) an asset-specific component for individually impaired loans.


12

Table of Contents
FREEDOM HOLDING CORP.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Unaudited)
(All amounts in thousands of United States dollars, except share data, unless otherwise stated)
The component of the allowance related to credit card, mortgages and retail banking loans that the Company collectively evaluated for impairment is based on a statistical calculation and on its historical loss experience for loans with similar risk characteristics and consideration of the current credit quality of the portfolio. The asset-specific component of the allowance includes smaller-balance homogeneous credit card and retail banking loans whose terms have been modified in a troubled debt restructuring and larger-balance nonperforming, non-homogeneous commercial banking loans. The Company generally measures the asset-specific component of the allowance based on the difference between the recorded investment of individually impaired loans and the present value of expected future cash flows. In addition to the allowance, the Company also estimates probable losses related to contractually binding unfunded lending commitments.
Functional currency

Management has adopted ASC 830, Foreign Currency Translation Matters as it pertains to its foreign currency translation. The Company’s functional currencies are the Russian ruble, European euro, U.S. dollar, Ukrainian hryvnia, Uzbekistani som, Kazakhstani tenge, Kyrgyzstani som, UK pound sterling, Azerbaijani manat and the Armenian dram, and its reporting currency is the U.S. dollar. For financial reporting purposes, foreign currencies are translated into U.S. dollars as the reporting currency. Monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies are translated into U.S. dollars using the exchange rate prevailing at the balance sheet date. Non-monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies are translated at rates of exchange in effect at the date of the transaction. Average monthly rates are used to translate revenues and expenses. Translation adjustments arising from the use of different exchange rates from period to period are included as a component of stockholders’ equity as “Accumulated other comprehensive loss”.
Cash and cash equivalents
Cash and cash equivalents are generally comprised of certain highly liquid investments with maturities of three months or less at the date of purchase. Cash and cash equivalents include reverse repurchase agreements which are recorded at the amounts at which the securities were acquired or sold plus accrued interest.
Securities reverse repurchase and repurchase agreements
A reverse repurchase agreement is a transaction in which the Company purchases financial instruments from a seller, typically in exchange for cash, and simultaneously enters into an agreement to resell the same or substantially the same financial instruments to the seller for an amount equal to the cash or other consideration exchanged plus interest at a future date. Securities purchased under reverse repurchase agreements are accounted for as collateralized financing transactions and are recorded at the contractual amount for which the securities will be resold, including accrued interest. Financial instruments purchased under reverse repurchase agreements are recorded in the financial statements as cash placed on deposit collateralized by securities and classified as cash and cash equivalents in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.
A repurchase agreement is a transaction in which the Company sells financial instruments to another party, typically in exchange for cash, and simultaneously enters into an agreement to reacquire the same or substantially the same financial instruments from the buyer for an amount equal to the cash or other consideration exchanged plus interest at a future date. These agreements are accounted for as collateralized financing transactions. The Company retains the financial instruments sold under repurchase agreements and classifies them as trading securities in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets. The consideration received under repurchase agreements is classified as securities repurchase agreement obligations in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.
The Company enters into reverse repurchase, repurchase, securities borrowed and securities loaned transactions to, among other things, acquire securities to leverage and grow its proprietary trading portfolio, cover short positions and settle other securities obligations, to accommodate customers’ needs and to finance its inventory positions. The Company enters into these transactions in accordance with normal market practice. Under standard terms for repurchase transactions, the recipient of collateral has the right to sell or repledge the collateral, subject to returning equivalent securities on settlement of the transaction.
13

Table of Contents
FREEDOM HOLDING CORP.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Unaudited)
(All amounts in thousands of United States dollars, except share data, unless otherwise stated)
Available-for-sale securities
Financial assets categorized as available-for-sale (“AFS”) are non-derivatives that are either designated as available-for-sale or not classified as (a) loans and receivables, (b) held-to-maturity securities or (c) trading securities.
Listed shares and listed redeemable notes held by the Company that are traded in an active market are classified as AFS and are stated at fair value. The Company has investments in unlisted shares that are not traded in an active market that are also classified as investments AFS and stated at fair value (because Company management considers that fair value can be reliably measured). Gains and losses arising from changes in fair value are recognized in other comprehensive income and are included in accumulated other comprehensive loss, with the exception of other-than-temporary impairment losses, interest calculated using the effective interest method, dividend income and foreign exchange gains and losses, which are recognized in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Statements of other Comprehensive Income. When the investment is disposed of or is determined to be impaired, the cumulative gain or loss previously accumulated in the investments’ revaluation reserve is then reclassified to Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Statements of Other Comprehensive Income.
Trading securities
Financial assets are classified as trading securities if the financial asset has been acquired principally for the purpose of selling it in the near term.
Trading securities are stated at fair value, with any gains or losses arising on remeasurement recognized in revenue. Changes in fair value are recognized in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Statements of Other Comprehensive Income and included in net gain on trading securities. Interest earned and dividend income are recognized in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Statements of Other Comprehensive Income and are included in interest income, according to the terms of the contract and when the right to receive the payment has been established.
Investments in nonconsolidated managed funds are accounted for at fair value based on the net asset value (“NAV”) of the funds provided by the fund managers with gains or losses included in net gain on trading securities in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Statements of Other Comprehensive Income.
Debt securities issued
Debt securities issued are initially recognized at the fair value of the consideration received, less directly attributable transaction costs. Subsequently, amounts due are stated at amortized cost and any difference between net proceeds and the redemption value is recognized over the period of the borrowings using the effective interest method. If the Company purchases its own debt, it is removed from the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets and the difference between the carrying amount of the liability and the consideration paid is recognized in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Statements of Other Comprehensive Income.
Brokerage and other receivables
Brokerage and other receivables are comprised of commissions and receivables related to the securities brokerage and banking activity of the Company. At initial recognition, brokerage and other receivables are recognized at fair value. Subsequently, brokerage and other receivables are carried at cost net of any allowance for impairment losses.
Margin lending
The Company engages in securities financing transactions with and for clients through margin lending. Under agreements, the Company is permitted to sell or repledge securities received as collateral and use these securities to secure securities acquired under resale agreements, enter into securities lending transactions or deliver these securities to counterparties to cover short positions.
14

Table of Contents
FREEDOM HOLDING CORP.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Unaudited)
(All amounts in thousands of United States dollars, except share data, unless otherwise stated)
Margin lending tends to have lower credit risk due to the value of the collateral held and also its short-term nature. Margin lending balances tend to fluctuate from period to period as total customer balances change because of changing market levels, customer positioning and leverage.
Client margin requirements and established credit limits are continuously monitored by risk management of the Company. It is Company policy that clients must post additional collateral or reduce positions when necessary to avoid automatic liquidation of their positions.
Derecognition of financial assets
A financial asset (or, where applicable a part of a financial asset or a part of a group of similar financial assets) is derecognized when all of the following conditions are met:
The transferred financial assets have been isolated from the Company - put presumptively beyond the reach of the Company and its creditors, even in bankruptcy or other receivership.
The transferee has rights to pledge or exchange financial assets.
The Company or its agents do not maintain effective control over the transferred financial assets or third-party beneficial interests related to those transferred assets
Where the Company has not met the asset derecognition conditions above, it continues to recognize the asset to the extent of its continuing involvement.
Impairment of long-lived assets
In accordance with the accounting guidance for the impairment or disposal of long-lived assets, the Company periodically evaluates the carrying value of long-lived assets to be held and used when events and circumstances warrant such a review. The carrying value of a long-lived asset is considered impaired when the fair value from such asset is less than its carrying value. In that event, a loss is recognized based on the amount by which the carrying value exceeds the fair value of the long-lived asset. Fair value is determined primarily using the anticipated cash flows, discounted at a rate commensurate with the risk involved. Losses on long-lived assets to be disposed of are determined in a similar manner, except that fair values are reduced for the cost of disposal.
Impairment of goodwill
As of December 31, 2021, and March 31, 2021, goodwill recorded in the Company’s Consolidated Balance Sheets totaled $7,840 and $7,868, respectively. The Company performs an impairment review at least annually unless indicators of impairment exist in interim periods. The impairment test for goodwill uses a two-step approach. Step one compares the estimated fair value of a reporting unit with goodwill to its carrying value. If the carrying value exceeds the estimated fair value, step two must be performed. Step two compares the carrying value of the reporting unit to the fair value of all of the assets and liabilities of the reporting unit as if the reporting unit was acquired in a business combination. If the carrying amount of a reporting unit’s goodwill exceeds the implied fair value of its goodwill, an impairment loss is recognized in an amount equal to the excess. In its annual goodwill impairment test, the Company estimated the fair value of the reporting unit based on the income approach (also known as the discounted cash flow method) and determined the fair value of the Company’s goodwill exceeded the carrying amount of the Company’s goodwill. The goodwill value as of December 31, 2021, decreased compared to March 31, 2021, due to foreign exchange currency translation.
15

Table of Contents
FREEDOM HOLDING CORP.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Unaudited)
(All amounts in thousands of United States dollars, except share data, unless otherwise stated)
The changes in the carrying amount of goodwill as of March 31, 2021, and for the quarter December 31, 2021, were as follows:
Balance as of March 31, 2021
$7,868 
Foreign currency translation(28)
Balance as of December 31, 2021
$7,840 
Income taxes
The Company recognizes deferred tax liabilities and assets based on the difference between the financial statements and tax basis of assets and liabilities using the enacted tax rates in effect for the year in which the differences are expected to reverse. The measurement of deferred tax assets is reduced, if necessary, by the amount of any tax benefits that, based on available evidence, are not expected to be realized.
Current income tax expenses are provided for in accordance with the laws of the relevant taxing authorities. As part of the process of preparing financial statements, the Company is required to estimate its income taxes in each of the jurisdictions in which it operates. The Company accounts for income taxes using the asset and liability approach. Under this method, deferred income taxes are recognized for tax consequences in future years based on differences between the tax bases of assets and liabilities and their reported amounts in the financial statements at each year-end and tax loss carry forwards. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates applicable for the differences that are expected to affect taxable income.
The Company will include interest and penalties arising from the underpayment of income taxes in the provision for income taxes (if anticipated). As of December 31, 2021, and March 31, 2021, the Company had no accrued interest or penalties related to uncertain tax positions.
The Global Intangible Low-Taxed Income (“GILTI”) provisions of the Tax Reform Act require the Company to include in its U.S. income tax return foreign subsidiary earnings in excess of an allowable return on the foreign subsidiary’s tangible assets. The Company has presented the deferred tax impacts of GILTI tax in its consolidated financial statements as of December 31, 2021 and 2020.
Financial instruments
Financial instruments are carried at fair value as described below.
Fair value is the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. The fair value measurement is based on the presumption that the transaction to sell the asset or transfer the liability takes place either in the principal market for the asset or liability, or in the absence of a principal market, in the most advantageous market for the asset or liability. Fair value is the current bid price for financial assets, current ask price for financial liabilities and the average of current bid and ask prices when the Company is both in short and long positions for the financial instrument. A financial instrument is regarded as quoted in an active market if quoted prices are readily and regularly available from an exchange or other institution and those prices represent actual and regularly occurring market transactions on an arm’s length basis.

16

Table of Contents
FREEDOM HOLDING CORP.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Unaudited)
(All amounts in thousands of United States dollars, except share data, unless otherwise stated)
Leases
The Company adopted ASU No. 2016-02, “Leases (Topic 842)”, which requires leases with durations greater than twelve months to be recognized on the balance sheet.
Right-of-use assets and corresponding lease liabilities are recognized on the Company’s Consolidated Balance Sheets. Refer to Note 19 - Leases, within the notes to condensed consolidated financial statements for additional disclosure and significant accounting policies affecting leases.
Fixed assets
Fixed assets are carried at cost, net of accumulated depreciation. Maintenance, repairs, and minor renewals are expensed as incurred. Depreciation is computed using the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of the assets, which range between three and seven years.
Segment information
The Company operates in a single operating segment offering financial services to its customers in a single geographic region covering Eurasia. The Company’s financial services business provides retail securities brokerage, research, investment counseling, securities trading, market making, corporate investment banking, underwriting, complementary banking services and retail banking services to its customers. The Company generates revenue from customers primarily from fee and commission income and interest income. The Company does not use profitability reports or other information disaggregated on a regional, country or divisional basis for making business decisions.
Recent accounting pronouncements

In June 2016 the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2016-13, “Financial Instruments-Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments”, which introduced an expected credit loss methodology for the impairment of financial assets measured at amortized cost basis. That methodology replaces the probable, incurred loss model for those assets. In November 2019, the FASB issued ASU 2019-10 “Financial Instruments-Credit Losses (Topic 326), Derivatives and Hedging (Topic 815), and Leases (Topic 842)”. The FASB developed a philosophy to extend and simplify how effective dates are staggered between larger public companies (bucket one) and all other entities (bucket two). Those other entities include private companies, smaller public companies, not-for-profit organizations, and employee benefit plans. Under this philosophy, a major update would first be effective for bucket-one entities, that is, public business entities that are SEC filers, excluding entities eligible to be smaller reporting companies (SRCs) under the SEC’s definition. The Master Glossary of the Codification defines public business entities and SEC filers. All other entities, including SRCs, other public business entities, and nonpublic business entities (private companies, not-for-profit organizations, and employee benefit plans) would compose bucket two. For those entities, it is anticipated that the FASB will consider requiring an effective date staggered at least two years after bucket one for major updates. At the date when ASU 2016-13 was issued, the Company was an SRC and according to ASU 2019-10, qualifies for bucket two. Accordingly, ASU 2016-13 and ASU 2017-12 are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2022. The Company is currently evaluating the impact that ASU 2016-13 and 2017-12 will have on its consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.

17

Table of Contents
FREEDOM HOLDING CORP.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Unaudited)
(All amounts in thousands of United States dollars, except share data, unless otherwise stated)
In January 2021 the FASB issued ASU No. 2021-01, Reference Rate Reform (Topic 848): Scope, which clarifies that certain optional expedients and exceptions in FASB Accounting Standards Codification (ASC) Topic 848, Reference Rate Reform, for contract modifications and hedge accounting apply as well to derivatives that are affected by the changes in interest rates used for margining, discounting or contract price alignment (i.e., the discounting transition). Examples of such use include (1) rates used in interest rate swaps to compute the cash flows for the swap’s variable leg, (2) interest rate indexes used to discount the future cash flows of a derivative instrument to determine its fair value, and (3) the compensation or the interest amount earned on margin payments (i.e., contract price alignment). The amended guidance in ASU No. 2021-01 is effective immediately for all entities. The guidance may be applied on (1) a full retrospective basis as of any date from the beginning of an interim period that includes or is subsequent to March 12, 2020, or (2) a prospective basis to new modifications from any date within an interim period that includes or is subsequent to the date of the issuance of ASU No. 2021-01 through the date that financial statements are available to be issued. If any of the amendments are applied for an eligible hedging relationship, adjustments resulting therefrom must be reflected as of the date that the election is applied. The Company's adoption of the provisions of ASU No. 2021-01 had no significant impact on the Company's consolidated financial statements.
In May 2021 the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2021-04, Earnings Per Share (Topic 260), Debt-Modifications and Extinguishments (Subtopic 470-50), Compensation-Stock Compensation (Topic 718), and Derivatives and Hedging-Contracts in Entity’s Own Equity (Subtopic 815-40): Issuer’s Accounting for Certain Modifications or Exchanges of Freestanding Equity-Classified Written Call Options, a consensus of the Emerging Issues Task Force (EITF) , which amends the FASB Accounting Standards Codification (ASC or the “Codification”) to provide explicit guidance, and, thus, reduce diversity in practice, on accounting by issuers for modifications or exchanges of freestanding equity-classified written call options that remain equity classified after the modification or exchange. This amendment provides that for an entity that presents earnings per share (EPS) in accordance with Topic 260, the effects of a modification or an exchange of a freestanding equity-classified written call option that is recognized as a dividend should be an adjustment to net income (or net loss) in the basic EPS calculation. The amended guidance becomes mandatorily effective for all entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2021, including interim periods within those fiscal years, and should be applied prospectively to modifications or exchanges occurring on or after the effective date. The Company is currently evaluating the impact that ASU 2021-04 will have on its consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.
In August 2021 the FASB issued Accounting Standard Update No 2021-06 “Presentation of Financial Statements (Topic 205), Financial Services — Depository and Lending (Topic 942), and Financial Services — Investment Companies (Topic 946)” which amends various SEC paragraphs pursuant to the issuance of SEC Release No. 33-10786, Amendments to Financial Disclosures about Acquired and Disposed Businesses. SEC issued Final Rulemaking Release No. 33-10786, Amendments to Financial Disclosures about Acquired and Disposed Businesses, which modified the disclosure and presentation requirements concerning acquisitions and disposals of businesses. Primarily, the new rules amended (1) Rule 1-02(w) of Regulation S-X, Definition of Terms Used in Regulation S-X, Significant Subsidiary, (2) Rule 3-05 of Regulation S-X, Financial Statements of Businesses Acquired or to Be Acquired, (3) Rule 8-05 of Regulation S-X, Pro Forma Financial Information (which covers smaller reporting companies), and (4) Article 11 of Regulation S-X, Pro Forma Financial Information. In addition, new Rule 6-11 of Regulation S-X, Financial Statements of Funds Acquired or to Be Acquired, covering acquisitions specific to investment companies, was added. Corresponding changes were made to other Regulation S-X rules, various Securities Act and Securities Exchange Act rules, and Forms 8-K and 10-K. Compliance with the amended rules is required from the beginning of a registrant’s fiscal year commencing after December 31, 2020 (i.e., the mandatory compliance date). Acquisitions and dispositions that are probable or consummated after the mandatory compliance date are required to be evaluated for significance pursuant to the amended rules. Early compliance is permitted, provided that all the amended rules are applied in their entirety from the early compliance date. ASU No. 2021-06 amends SEC material in the Codification to give effect to Release No. 33-10786. The new rules apply to fiscal years ending on or after December 15, 2021 (i.e., calendar-year 2021). Early voluntary compliance is allowed. Note that the rescission of Industry Guide 3 is effective on January 1, 2023. ASU No. 2021-06 amends SEC material in the Codification to give effect to Release No. 33-10835. The Company is currently evaluating the impact that ASU 2021-06 will have on its consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.


18

Table of Contents
FREEDOM HOLDING CORP.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Unaudited)
(All amounts in thousands of United States dollars, except share data, unless otherwise stated)
In October 2021, The SEC issued the amendment of Compensation-Stock Compensation No. 2021-07, Determining the Current Price of an Underlying Share for Equity-Classified Share-Based Awards a consensus of the Private Company Council. The main amendments were concentrated in add paragraphs 718-10-30-20C through 30-20H and their related heading, with a link to transition paragraph 718-10-65-16, in which as a practical expedient, a nonpublic may use a value determined by the reasonable application of a reasonable valuation method as the current price of its underlying share for purposes of determining the fair value of an award that is classified as equity in accordance with paragraphs 718-10-25-6 through 25-18 at grant date or upon a modification. Moreover, in the topic was amended paragraph 718-10-50-2(f), with a link to transition paragraph 718-10-65-16, which states that listed requirements indicates the minimum information needed to achieve the objectives in paragraph 718-10-50-1 and illustrates how the disclosure requirements might be satisfied. In some circumstances, an entity may need to disclose information beyond the following to achieve the disclosure objectives. Firstly, a description of the method used during the year to estimate the fair value (or calculated value) of awards under share-based payment arrangements. Secondly, a description of the significant assumptions used during the year to estimate the fair value (or calculated value) of share-based compensation awards, including: i. Expected term of share options and similar instruments, including a discussion of the method used to incorporate the contractual term of the instruments and grantees' expected exercise and post vesting termination behavior into the fair value of the instrument. ii. Expected volatility of the entity's shares and the method used to estimate it. An entity that uses a method that employs different volatilities during the contractual term shall disclose the range of expected volatilities used and the weighted-average expected volatility. iii. Expected dividends. iv. Risk-free rate(s). v. Discount for post vesting restrictions and the method for estimating it. vi. Practical expedient for current price input. The topic also contains added paragraph 718-10-65-16, that illustrates the transition and effective date information related to Accounting Standards Update No. 2021-07 by the listed requirement: a. The pending content that links to this paragraph shall be effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2021, and interim periods within fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2022. b. An entity shall apply the pending content that links to this paragraph prospectively. c. Early application, including application in an interim period, is permitted for financial statements that have not been issued or made available for issuance as of October 25, 2021. The Company is currently evaluating the impact that ASU 2021-06 will have on its consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.

In October 2021, The SEC issued the amendment of Business Combinations (Topic 805), No. 2021-08, which related to Accounting for Contract Assets and Contract Liabilities from Contracts with Customers. The main amendments were concentrated in paragraphs 805-20-25-16 through 25-17 and add paragraph 805-20-25-28C and its related heading, with a link to transition paragraph 805-20-65-3, where the topic provides limited exceptions to the recognition and measurement principles applicable to business combinations. Moreover, the topic amends paragraphs 805-20-30-10 through 30-12 and add paragraphs 805-20-30-27 through 30-30 and their related heading, with a link to transition paragraph 805-20-65-3. Paragraph 805-20-25-16 notes that the Business Combinations Topic provides limited exceptions to the recognition and measurement principles applicable to business combinations. In the topic has been added paragraph 805-20-65-3, in which the following represents the transition and effective date information related to Accounting Standards Update No. 2021-08, Business Combinations (Topic 805): Accounting for Contract Assets and Contract Liabilities from Contracts with Customers: a. For public business entities, the pending content that links to this paragraph shall be effective for fiscal years, including interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2022. The Company is currently evaluating the impact that ASU 2021-06 will have on its consolidated financial statements and related disclosures..

19

Table of Contents
FREEDOM HOLDING CORP.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Unaudited)
(All amounts in thousands of United States dollars, except share data, unless otherwise stated)
NOTE 3 – CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS
As of December 31, 2021, and March 31, 2021, cash and cash equivalents consisted of the following:
 December 31, 2021March 31, 2021
 
Securities purchased under reverse repurchase agreements$238,657 $248,946 
Current accounts with brokers56,498 94,494 
Current account with National Bank (Kazakhstan) 55,819 36,726 
Current accounts with commercial banks41,820 75,903 
Current accounts in clearing organizations41,218 83,194 
Petty cash in bank vault and on hand20,490 25,830 
Accounts with stock exchanges 20,040 98,521 
Current account with National Settlement Depository (Russia)15,527 28,215 
Current account with Central Bank (Russia)2,417 6,930 
Current account with Central Depository (Kazakhstan)777 69 
Total cash and cash equivalents$493,263 $698,828 
As of December 31, 2021, and March 31, 2021, with the exception of funds deposited with banks in the United States which may qualify for FDIC insurance up to $250,000, cash and cash equivalents were not insured.
As of December 31, 2021, and March 31, 2021, the cash and cash equivalents balance included collateralized securities received under reverse repurchase agreements on the terms presented below:
December 31, 2021
Interest rates and remaining contractual maturity of the agreements
Average interest rate
Up to 30 days30-90 daysTotal
Securities purchased under reverse repurchase agreements
   
Corporate equity0.87 %$224,684 $ $224,684 
US sovereign debt0.35 %7,773  7,773 
Non-US sovereign debt0.57 %6,192  6,192 
Corporate debt6.99 %8  8 
Total securities sold under repurchase agreements$238,657 $ $238,657 
20

Table of Contents
FREEDOM HOLDING CORP.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Unaudited)
(All amounts in thousands of United States dollars, except share data, unless otherwise stated)
March 31, 2021
Interest rates and remaining contractual maturity of the agreements
Average interest rate
Up to 30 days30-90 daysTotal
Securities purchased under reverse repurchase agreements
Non-US sovereign debt1.07 %$101,258 $ $101,258 
Corporate debt 4.42 %94,562  94,562 
Corporate equity2.76 %51,564  51,564 
US sovereign debt0.50 %1,562  1,562 
Total securities sold under repurchase agreements $248,946 $ $248,946 
The securities received by the Company as collateral under reverse repurchase agreements are liquid trading securities with market quotes and significant trading volume. The fair value of collateral received by the Company under reverse repurchase agreements as of December 31, 2021, and March 31, 2021, was $333,803 and $272,586, respectively.
NOTE 4 – RESTRICTED CASH
Restricted cash for the periods ended December 31, 2021, and March 31, 2021, consisted of:
 December 31, 2021March 31, 2021
 
Brokerage customers’ cash$394,756 $427,233 
Deferred distribution payments8,534 8,534 
Reserve with Central Bank of Russia1,330 1,758 
Guaranty deposits98 433 
Total restricted cash$404,718 $437,958 

As of December 31, 2021, and March 31, 2021, the Company’s restricted cash included the cash portion of the funds segregated in a special custody account for the exclusive benefit of its brokerage customers, as well as required reserves with the Central Bank of the Russian Federation which represents cash on hand balance requirements. Restricted cash also included a deferred distribution payment amount, which is a reserve held for distribution to shareholders who have not yet claimed their distributions from the 2011 sale of the Company’s oil and gas exploration and production operations of $8,534. This distribution is currently payable, subject to the entitled shareholders completing and submitting to the Company the necessary documentation to claim his, her or its distribution payments. The Company has no control over when, or if, an entitled shareholder will submit the necessary documentation to claim their distribution payment. The entire deferred distribution payment amount was held in cash at December 31, 2021, and March 31, 2021. A Company shareholder entitled to a portion of the distribution amount died before claiming the distribution. As a result of disputes between the individual’s putative heirs and potential owners of an entity that also claimed through the shareholder, the Company has been unable to determine who is legally entitled to receive the distribution payment. During the quarter ended December 31, 2021, the putative estate asserted claims in Utah state court seeking, among other things, payment of the distribution. The Company and the putative estate have agreed to attempt to mediate the dispute. For additional information regarding this matter see Part II, Item 1 Legal Proceedings of this quarterly report on Form 10-Q.


21

Table of Contents
FREEDOM HOLDING CORP.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Unaudited)
(All amounts in thousands of United States dollars, except share data, unless otherwise stated)
NOTE 5 – TRADING AND AVAILABLE-FOR-SALE SECURITIES AT FAIR VALUE
As of December 31, 2021, and March 31, 2021, trading and available-for-sale securities consisted of:
December 31, 2021March 31, 2021
Corporate debt$624,247 $334,763 
Non-US sovereign debt451,437 333,619 
Corporate equity161,550 47,340 
Exchange traded notes104,462 9,638 
US sovereign debt6,960 10,828 
Total trading securities$1,348,656 $736,188 
Equity securities$1 $1 
Total available-for-sale securities, at fair value$1 $1 

As of December 31, 2021, the Company held debt securities of two issuers which individually exceeded 10% of the Company’s total trading securities - the Kazakhstan Sustainability Fund JSC (BBB credit rating) in the amount of $297,214 and the Ministry of Finance of the Republic of Kazakhstan (BBB- credit rating) in the amount of $374,982. The Company
also held equities of Public Joint Stock Company “St. Petersburg Exchange” in the amount of $140,257. As of March 31, 2021, the Company held debt securities of two issuers which individually exceeded 10% of the Company’s total trading securities - the Ministry of Finance of the Republic of Kazakhstan and the Kazakhstan Sustainability Fund JSC in the amounts of $293,451 and $193,677, respectively.
The Company recognized no other-than-temporary impairment in accumulated other comprehensive income.
The fair value of assets and liabilities is determined using observable market data based on recent trading activity. Where observable market data is unavailable due to a lack of trading activity, the Company utilizes internally developed models to estimate fair value and independent third parties to validate assumptions, when appropriate. Estimating fair value requires significant management judgment, including benchmarking to similar instruments with observable market data and applying appropriate discounts that reflect differences between the securities that the Company is valuing and the selected benchmark. Depending on the type of securities owned by the Company, other valuation methodologies may be required.
Measurement of fair value is classified within a hierarchy based upon the transparency of inputs used in the valuation of an asset or liability. Classification within the hierarchy is based upon the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value measurement.
The valuation hierarchy contains three levels:
Level 1 - Valuation inputs are unadjusted quoted market prices for identical assets or liabilities in active markets.
Level 2 - Valuation inputs are quoted market prices for identical assets or liabilities in markets that are not active, quoted market prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets, and other observable inputs directly or indirectly related to the asset or liability being measured.
Level 3 - Valuation inputs are unobservable and significant to the fair value measurement.
22

Table of Contents
FREEDOM HOLDING CORP.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Unaudited)
(All amounts in thousands of United States dollars, except share data, unless otherwise stated)
The following tables present securities assets in the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements or disclosed in the Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements at fair value on a recurring basis as of December 31, 2021, and March 31, 2021:
Weighted Average
Interest Rate
Total
Fair Value Measurements at
December 31, 2021 using
Quoted Prices in
Active Markets
for Identical Assets
Significant
Other Observable
Inputs
Significant Unobservable
Units
(Level 1)(Level 2)(Level 3)
Corporate debt8.80 %$624,247 $623,463 $415 $369 
Non-U.S. sovereign debt9.35 %451,437 448,895 1,593 949 
Corporate equity 161,550 155,694 5,409 447 
Exchange traded notes 104,462 104,462   
U.S. sovereign debt2 %6,960 6,960   
Total trading securities$1,348,656 $1,339,474 $7,417 $1,765 
Equity securities $1 $ $ $1 
Total available-for-sale securities, at fair value$1 $ $ $1 
23

Table of Contents
FREEDOM HOLDING CORP.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Unaudited)
(All amounts in thousands of United States dollars, except share data, unless otherwise stated)
Weighted Average
Interest Rate
Total
Fair Value Measurements at
March 31, 2021 using
Quoted Prices in
Active Markets
for Identical Assets
Significant
Other Observable Inputs
Significant Unobservable
Units
(Level 1)(Level 2)(Level 3)
    
Corporate debt9.22 %$334,763 $334,403 $ $360 
Non-U.S. sovereign debt8.06 %333,619 333,619   
Corporate equity 47,340 28,630 1 18,709 
U.S. sovereign debt