1. Description of Business
|12 Months Ended|
Mar. 31, 2019
|Organization, Consolidation and Presentation of Financial Statements [Abstract]|
|Description of Business||
Freedom Holding Corp. (the “Company” or “FRHC”) is corporation organized in the United States under the laws of the State of Nevada that through its operating subsidiaries engages in a broad range of activities in the securities industry, including retail securities brokerage, research, investment counseling, securities trading, market making, corporate investment banking and underwriting services in Eastern Europe and Central Asia. The Company is headquartered in Almaty, Kazakhstan, with supporting administrative office locations in Russia, Cyprus and the United States.
The Company owns directly, or through subsidiaries, the following companies: LLC Investment Company Freedom Finance, a Moscow, Russia-based securities broker-dealer (“Freedom RU”); LLC FFIN Bank, a Moscow, Russia-based bank (“FFIN Bank”); JSC Freedom Finance, an Almaty, Kazakhstan-based securities broker-dealer (“Freedom KZ”); Freedom Finance Cyprus Limited, a Limassol, Cyprus-based broker-dealer (“Freedom CY”); Freedom Finance Germany TT GmbH, a Berlin, Germany-based tied agent (“Freedom GE”), LLC Freedom Finance Ukraine, a Kiev, Ukraine-based broker-dealer (“Freedom UA”); LLC Freedom Finance Uzbekistan, a Tashkent, Uzbekistan-based broker-dealer (“Freedom UZ”); and FFIN Securities, Inc., a Nevada corporation (“FFIN”).
The Company’s subsidiaries are professional participants on the Kazakhstan Stock Exchange (KASE), Astana Stock Exchange (AIX), Moscow Exchange (MOEX), Saint-Petersburg Exchange (SPB), the Ukrainian Exchange, and the Republican Stock Exchange of Tashkent (UZSE). Freedom CY serves to provide the Company’s clients with operations support and access to the investment opportunities, relative stability, and integrity of the U.S. and European securities markets, which under the regulatory regimes of many jurisdictions where the Company operates do not currently allow investors direct access to international securities markets.
In November 2015, the Company entered into a Share Exchange and Acquisition Agreement with Timur Turlov to acquire FFIN, Freedom RU and Freedom CY. The acquisition of FFIN closed in November 2015. In June 2017, the Company closed the acquisition of Freedom RU, which included the acquisition of Freedom RU and its wholly-owned subsidiaries FFIN Bank and Freedom KZ. In exchange for his 100% interest in Freedom RU and its subsidiaries, Timur Turlov, our chief executive officer and chairman, was issued 20,665,023 shares of restricted Company common stock. In November 2017, the Company closed the acquisition of Freedom CY. The Company issued Mr. Turlov 12,758,011 shares of restricted Company common stock in exchange for his 100% ownership interest in Freedom CY.
In November 2017, the Company closed the acquisition of Freedom UA with BusinessTrain, Ltd. in exchange for 387,700 shares of restricted Company common stock.
In April 2018, the Company completed the acquisition and merger of JSC Asyl Invest (“Asyl”) into Freedom KZ for approximately $2.2 million, which was equal to the fair value of the net assets acquired.
In May 2018, the Company completed the acquisition and merger of Nettrader LLC (“Nettrader”) for approximately $3.8 million, which was equal to the fair value of the net assets acquired.
On September 6, 2017, the Company effected a one-share-for-twenty-five-shares reverse stock split of its common stock. Unless otherwise noted, impacted amounts and share information included in the financial statements and notes thereto have been retroactively adjusted for the stock split as if such stock split occurred on the first day of the first period presented. Certain amounts in the notes to the financial statements may be slightly different than previously reported due to rounding of fractional shares as a result of the reverse stock split.
The entire disclosure for the business description and basis of presentation concepts. Business description describes the nature and type of organization including but not limited to organizational structure as may be applicable to holding companies, parent and subsidiary relationships, business divisions, business units, business segments, affiliates and information about significant ownership of the reporting entity. Basis of presentation describes the underlying basis used to prepare the financial statements (for example, US Generally Accepted Accounting Principles, Other Comprehensive Basis of Accounting, IFRS).
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef