Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)


9 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2020





Freedom Holding Corp. (the “Company” or “FRHC”) is a corporation organized in the United States under the laws of the State of Nevada that through its operating subsidiaries provides financial services including retail securities brokerage, research, investment counseling, securities trading, market making, corporate investment banking and underwriting services in Eurasia. The Company is headquartered in Almaty, Kazakhstan, with supporting administrative office locations in Russia, Cyprus and the United States. The Company has retail locations in Russia, Kazakhstan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan and Germany. The Company’s common stock trades on the Nasdaq Capital Market.


The Company owns directly, or through subsidiaries, the following companies: LLC Investment Company Freedom Finance (“Freedom RU”), Moscow, a Russia-based securities broker-dealer; LLC FFIN Bank, a Moscow, Russia-based bank (“FFIN Bank”); JSC Freedom Finance, an Almaty, Kazakhstan-based securities broker-dealer (“Freedom KZ”); Bank Freedom Finance Kazakhstan JSC, (formerly known as JSC Bank Kassa Nova), an Almaty, Kazakhstan-based bank (“Freedom Bank KZ”); Prime Executions, Inc., New York, United States-based agency only securities broker-dealer operating on the floor of the New York Stock Exchange (“Prime Executions”); Freedom Finance Global, PLC, an Astana International Financial Centre-based securities broker-dealer, (“Freedom Global”); Freedom Finance Europe Limited, a Limassol, Cyprus-based broker-dealer (“Freedom CY”); Freedom Finance Technologies Ltd (“Freedom Technologies”), a Limassol, Cyprus limited company, (formerly known as Freedom Finance Management Limited); Freedom Finance Germany TT GmbH, a Berlin, Germany-based tied agent (“Freedom GE”); LLC Freedom Finance Uzbekistan, a Tashkent, Uzbekistan-based broker-dealer (“Freedom UZ”); and FFIN Securities, Inc., a Nevada corporation (“FFIN”).


The Company also owns a 32.88% interest in LLC Freedom Finance Ukraine, a Kiev, Ukraine-based broker-dealer (“Freedom UA”). The remaining 67.12% interest in Freedom UA is owned by Askar Tashtitov, the Company’s president. The Company has entered into a series of contractual arrangements with Freedom UA and Mr. Tashtitov that obligate the Company to guarantee the performance of all Freedom UA obligations and provide Freedom UA sufficient funding to cover all operating losses and net capital requirements, enable the Company to receive 90% of the net profits of Freedom UA after tax, and require the Company to provide Freedom UA the management competence, operational support, and ongoing access to the Company’s significant assets, necessary technology resources and expertise to conduct the business of Freedom UA. The Company accounts for Freedom UA as a variable interest entity (“VIE”) under the accounting standards of the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”). Accordingly, the financial statements of Freedom UA are consolidated into the financial statements of the Company.


In July 2020, we completed the acquisition of Zerich Capital Management (“Zerich”). On December 27, 2020, Zerich was merged into Freedom RU and its separate legal existence terminated. In connection with the merger, the assets and liabilities of Zerich were transferred to Freedom RU.

The Company’s subsidiaries are participants on the Kazakhstan Stock Exchange (KASE), Astana Stock Exchange (AIX), Moscow Exchange (MOEX), Saint-Petersburg Exchange (SPBX), New York Stock Exchange (NYSE), Nasdaq Stock Exchange (Nasdaq), Ukrainian Exchange (UX), Republican Stock Exchange of Tashkent (UZSE), and Uzbek Republican Currency Exchange (UZCE). Freedom CY serves to provide the Company’s clients with operations support and access to the investment opportunities, relative stability, and integrity of the U.S. and European securities markets, which under the regulatory regimes of many jurisdictions where the Company operates provide only limited or no direct investor access to international securities markets.


Unless otherwise specifically indicated or as is otherwise contextually required, FRHC, Freedom RU, FFIN Bank, Freedom KZ, Freedom Bank KZ, Prime Executions, Freedom Global, Freedom CY, Freedom Technologies, Freedom GE, Freedom UZ, FFIN and Freedom UA are collectively referred to herein as the “Company.”